Biscop's monastery was the first monastery built of stone in Northumbria. Translations . The centre has never been as successful as hoped.[28]. A new Metro station was built underneath the bus concourse to provide a direct interchange as part of the extension to South Hylton in 2002. The least ethnically diverse wards are in the north of the city. When the boundaries of these wards were set in 1982, each ward had a roughly equal population. On average, it is around 80 metres above sea level. The City of Sunderland is a metropolitan borough in Tyne and Wear, in North East England. There was no Jewish community before 1750, but then a number of Jewish businessmen from across the UK and Europe settled in Sunderland. Those at the front were trapped, and were crushed by the weight of the crowd behind them. Sunderland is home to a Nissan car manufacturing plant. They currently play in the top tier of English women's football - FA Women's Premier League National Division, despite their financial struggles. Today, the road leading to where the pans were is still called Pann's Bank. The Victoria Hall was a large concert hall on Toward Road facing Mowbray Park. On the south side of the river, the old Vaux Brewery site has been cleared so that new houses, shops and offices can be built close to the city centre. Location Map: 1. [21] It also has its own local radio station Sun FM, a community radio station Spark FM and a hospital radio station - Radio Sunderland for Hospitals, and can receive other north-eastern independent radio stations Metro Radio, Greatest Hits North East, Capital North East and Heart North East. Many Sunderland Jews left for bigger Jewish communities in Britain or to Israel. Han er dermed ein by innanfor ein annan by, ein situasjon som ikkje er uvanleg i England. Sunderland (kondado), Inglatera, Kining maong panid sa pagklaro nagtala sa mga artikulo nga may samang titulo. Sunderland has produced a number of musicians that have gone on to reach international fame, most notably Dave Stewart of the Eurythmics. Airline Ryanair, moreover, recorded a 10% increase in passenger numbers travelling to Newcastle Airport on Fridays before a Sunderland home game, some 600 more than on other Fridays. Sunderland este un oraș și un Burg Metropolitan în cadrul Comitatului Metropolitan Tyne and Wear în regiunea North East England. The Liberal Democrats stronghold ward was abolished entirely, and became part of four new wards, and the Liberal Democrat councillors elected in 2004 were from two very different areas. This is most common in the summer months (April - September). Sunderland is within the Copeland UK Parliamentary constituency, Trudy Harrison is the Member of parliament.. Before Brexit, its residents were covered by the North West England European Parliamentary Constituency.. For Local Government purposes it is in the All Saints Ward of Allerdale Borough Council and the Bothel + Wharrels Division of Cumbria County Council. The Conservative party won all three seats in a new ward whose boundaries spanned several old wards. According to census statistics, 81.5% of Sunderland residents class themselves as Christian, 9.6% have no religion, 0.7% are Muslim and 7.6% did not wish to give their religion. By 1346, ships were being built at Wearmouth. The local Metro ends at South Hylton after calling at Sunderland Rail Station and Park Lane Bus Station. Sunderland has not had a separate police force since 1967, when the Borough of Sunderland Police merged with Durham Constabulary. In 2009, it hosts Jane McDonald and The Drifters among others. Governance. [28] However Washington F.C. Sunderland and Washington share historical links, as the ancestors of the first President of the United States of America, George Washington, lived in Washington Old Hall, which is within the municipal boundaries of Sunderland. Kenickie, which featured Lauren Laverne on vocals, also achieved a top ten album and wide critical acclaim in the mid-to-late-1990s. It is on the river bank near the city centre. In the autumn of 2000 even this was taken over by Whitbread PLC. [20] Many of his paintings of seascapes and shipbuilding are based on Wearside scenes. The metropolitan borough was granted city status in 1992, the 40th anniversary of the Queen's accession. [12], The Salford-born painter, L. S. Lowry, was a frequent visitor, staying in the Seaburn Hotel in Sunderland. This category is about Sunderland, the old town which is now part of the City of Sunderland. He was given the land by King Ecgfrith of Northumbria. Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. It was the first British town to be affected by 'Indian cholera' epidemic. Se sijaitsee Wearjoen suulla Pohjanmeren rannikolla. [23], Sunderland was named "The Facebook Capital of Britain" by the BBC in February 2010. The Victoria Hall was used until 1941 when it was destroyed by a German bomb.[12]. Carroll's connection with Sunderland, and the area's history, is documented in Bryan Talbot's 2007 graphic novel Alice in Sunderland.[19]. The 2019–20 Sunderland A.F.C. Sunderland was a big trading port at the time. The last shipyard in Sunderland closed in 1988.[4]. Glass has been made in Sunderland for around 1,500 years. [citation needed]. [10] A memorial statue, which is a crying mother holding a dead child, is now back in Mowbray Park with a protective canopy. Since 1992 it has had the status of a city and metropolitan borough . There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. Sunderland also has the north-east's top women's football team, Sunderland A.F.C. Since the transfer in 2000 there have been a lot of improvements to the quality of social housing in the city. When cholera broke out in 1831, the "select vestrymen", as the church councillors were called, did not know what to do about the epidemic. It is named after its largest settlement, Sunderland , but covers a far larger area which includes the towns of Washington , Houghton-le-Spring , and other smaller settlements. The area of Castletown is made up of 99.3% white, 0.4% Asian and 0.2% mixed-race. The port was blockaded, so that ships could not spread the disease to other ports. [16] The Jewish primary school, the Menorah School, closed in July 1983. Some of these new industries, are in Washington, which has more space to allow purpose built factories. Sunderland a 7. században alapított és Beda Venerabilis által is lakott klastrom körül keletkezett. The Manchester painter, L S Lowry, was another frequent visitor, staying in the Seaburn Hotel in Sunderland. It now has campuses in Sunderland, London and Hong Kong. HMS Ocean, a Helicopter Landing Ship is Sunderland's adopted Royal Navy ship. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, City of Sunderland Millennium Orchestral Society. Sunderland's longest stadium occupancy so far was of Roker Park for 99 years beginning in 1898, with relocation taking place due to the stadium's confined location and the need to build an all-seater stadium. When the perpetrator, John Humble was eventually caught he confirmed that he did indeed attend school in the Castletown area of Sunderland in his childhood. also hail from Washington in the City. The National Glass Centre opened in 1998, reflecting Sunderland's distinguished history of glass-making. The aircraft took its service name from the town (latterly, city) and port of Sunderland in North East England.. Only poor quality coal was used in salt panning; the best coal was sold and shipped out of the town. The library had about 300 books; all of them were hand written and painted. The Empire is the only theatre between Leeds and Glasgow large enough to accommodate such shows. [5] Farther up the river, another bridge, the Queen Alexandra Bridge, was built in 1910, linking the areas of Pallion and Southwick. The National Glass Centre is also there, next to the University of Sunderland’s new “St Peter’s Campus”. However, as well as including the Sunderland it also includes a number of surrounding towns and villages, such as Washington, Houghton-le-Spring and Hetton-le-Hole. It was the second iron bridge ever built. Other famous Mackem musicians include punk rockers The Toy Dolls, who broke the top five of the charts with "Nellie the Elephant" in December 1984; the lead singer of dance outfit Olive, Ruth Ann Boyle, who now works with Enigma; A Tribe of Toffs made number 21 with their cult hit "John Kettley is a weatherman" in December 1988; Alex Kapranos of the band Franz Ferdinand also grew up in Sunderland and South Shields. In 930, King Athelstan of England gave the land on the south bank of the river to the Bishop of Durham. Carroll's connection with Sunderland, and the area's history, is documented in Bryan Talbot's 2007 graphic novel Alice in Sunderland. A surname . Sunderland Museum has a big collection of LS Lowry. (Link to map using Googleor other map sites) Location Map] Address: 1. The former shipyard areas along the River Wear have also been transformed. Sunderland Association Football Club is an English football club. In November 2004, after several years with no cinema, a Cineworld multiplex opened in the new River Quarter, an entertainment complex towards the east of the City Centre. The event was held at Herrington Country Park, in the shadow of Penshaw Monument and was attended by 30,000 visitors.[22][23]. The factory is adjacent to the UK Nissan Distribution Centre (NDS) and has a number of on-site suppliers. [7] After the 2015 General election the composition of the council was Labour 66, Conservative 6 and independent 3.[7]. Kenickie, which featured Lauren Laverne on vocals, also achieved a top ten album and wide critical acclaim in the mid-to-late-1990s. It is served by Northern Rail services between Newcastle and Middlesbrough, and Grand Central services to York and London[36]. [19] It has also played host to an annual season from the Birmingham Royal Ballet for over ten years. Sunderland has won awards from the Britain in Bloom group in 1993, 1997 and 2000. It was a county borough, and is now part of the City of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear. This committee said that public buildings should have outward opening emergency exits. More recently, Sunderland has seen growth as a commercial center for the automotive industry, science & technology and the service sector. The Tourism Office believes Keane's attachment to the city is causing a knock-on effect on local restaurants, bars and attractions in that more tourists are "making a weekend of it"[35] after watching the football. The dialect also has several variations between different areas of the City, as demonstrated when the hoax tapes purporting to be of the Yorkshire Ripper were analysed. +44 0 191-528 5787 E-mail: 1. [14], The Bath-based writer, Dan W.Griffin was a student at Sunderland University between 1992 and 1995. There are two statues honouring Jack, one in Mowbray Park near the Civic Centre, and the other next to Holy Trinity Church. At the peak in 1923, 170,000 miners were employed in County Durham alone,[33] as labourers from all over Britain, including many from Scotland and Ireland, entered the region. This stopped the Newcastle coal trade and allowed the Sunderland coal trade to grow. The arrival of Roy Keane as Sunderland AFC's new manager in August 2006 has had a massive impact in Sunderland's once limited tourism industry. By 2004 there had been a considerable shift in population. Renowned film producer David Parfitt belonged to this company before achieving worldwide fame and is now a patron of the theatre. Sunderland (UK Parliament constituency), from 1832 to 1950 Sunderland A.F.C., a professional football team Alice in Sunderland, a comics history by Bryan Talbot of the Sunderland area and its connections to Lewis Carroll; Sunderland A.F.C. The previous ABC Cinema, situated on the corner of Park Lane and Holmeside, had been derelict for a number of years until it reopened late in 2005 as The Point, with three bars and the Union nightclub. Sunderland is twinned with: Essen, Germany and Saint-Nazaire, France. Pages in category "Sunderland" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. It was granted city status in 1992, the 40th anniversary of Queen Elizabeth II's accession to the throne. Since major boundary changes in 2010, there are three constituencies covering the City of Sunderland, all currently regarded as safe for the Labour Party: In the 1992, 1997, 2001 and 2005 General Elections, the former Sunderland South constituency was the first to declare the results, and the tradition was continued by the new Houghton and Sunderland South seat in 2010 and 2015. Two became independent members; one joined the Liberal Democrat party, becoming group leader after the 2004 municipal elections.[5]. When an army from Scotland came to fight the King, its base was set up in Sunderland. This had a big impact on Sunderland, which was selling more and more coal. This page was last changed on 28 June 2020, at 14:58. The City of Sunderland (/ˈsʌndərlənd/) is a local government district of Tyne and Wear, in North East England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. The Local Government Act 1972 created two different two-tier systems for local administration, with different division of functions. The area is part of the Anglican Diocese of Durham. The City is now part of the Northumbria Police Force area. Each has three councillors elected for a four-year term. Metro trains are quite frequent and travel between Newcastle International Airport and Newcastle upon Tyne in the north and South Hylton at the southern end of the line. This force was set up in 1974, and covers the whole of Tyne and Wear plus the much larger but much less densely populated county of Northumberland. "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2019", https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/uk-england-tyne-46472740/last-sunderland-shipyard-closure-announced-30-years-ago, "Sunderland's political management structure-Sunderland City Council", https://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/2193406, https://uk.linkedin.com/in/dan-griffin-8481363a, https://issuu.com/nostrangertothep45/docs/no_stranger_to_the_p45, "Radio 1's Big Weekend: Penshaw Monument, Herrington Park, Sunderland", "Local boys shine at Sunderland's Big Weekend", https://www.sunderlandecho.com/news/people/carry-star-stage-tragedy-and-reason-les-dawson-refused-set-foot-sunderland-empire-636199, "Newspaper Report for the publication: Sunderland Star", "$6million film deal for North East murder film", "Sunderland named Facebook capital of Britain", "SAFC Previous Grounds / History / Previous Grounds", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Sunderland&oldid=991412187, NUTS 3 statistical regions of the United Kingdom, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2010, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 22:53. This was good for Sunderland's business, because Parliament blockaded (blocked) the Tyne. But some fine old buildings remain. Najstarije od njih na sjevernoj obali rijeke, kasnije nazvano - Monkwearmouth, niklo je pored samostana osnovanog 674. Large vats, called ‘’panns’’, of seawater were put on coal fires. A multimillion-pound transport interchange at Park Lane was opened on 2 May 1999 by the then Brookside actor Michael Starke. In particular, the east and south east – the old parish of Sunderland and the mining village of Ryhope – had lost population to the "New Town" of Washington. The river at Sunderland is in a narrow valley, and the town grew up on plateaus high above the river. [32] [6] It was designed for trains to run across, too, but the railway section was never completed. Bis 1974 war Sunderland ein County Borough der traditionellen Grafschaft County Durham. Sunderland station was rebuilt in November 1965 for football teams and officials from countries who were playing at Roker Park when England hosted the 1966 World Cup. Since 1990, industries along the banks of the Wear have changed a lot. Sunderland became a city in 1992. More recently, Doves and Tim Burgess have performed DJ sets on club nights, and in summer 2007 the club hosted gigs from established bands such as The Zutons and The Maccabees. who now play in the Northern League Division One after a successful promotion campaign in the 2009/10 season. The Empire also played host to the final performance of comic actor Sid James, who died of a heart attack whilst on stage in 1976.[20]. This was because of the success of the port of Sunderland as well as the salt panning and the shipbuilding along the banks of the Wear. For a more detailed list, see List of famous residents of Sunderland. Il Sunderland Association Football Club, noto semplicemente come Sunderland, è una società calcistica inglese con sede nella città di Sunderland, militante attualmente in Football League One (terza divisione inglese).. Vanta la vittoria di 6 titoli nazionali (1892, 1893, 1895, 1902, 1913 e 1936), 2 Coppe d'Inghilterra (1937 e 1973) e una Supercoppa d'Inghilterra, vinta nel 1936. Son emplacement dans le secteur abrité ((en)rain shadow) des Pennines, ainsi que dans d'autres chaînes de montagnes à l'ouest, telles que celles du Lake District et du sud-ouest de l'Écosse, fait de Sunderland l'une des villes les moins pluvieuses du nord de l'Angleterre. See City of Sunderland. Sunderland is divided by the River Wear which passes through the middle of the city in a deep valley, part of which is known as the Hylton gorge. A new parish of Sunderland was created and Holy Trinity, Sunderland parish church was built. Sunderland [ˈsʌndələnd] ist eine Hafenstadt im Metropolitan County Tyne and Wear in Nordost-England. This led to the invention of 'push bar' emergency doors. When the civil war began, the mainly Protestant Sunderland sided with Parliament against the mostly Catholic Newcastle. Echo 24 luxury apartments near the city centre. Sunderland, part of the Durham coalfield, has a coal-mining heritage that dates back centuries. Ĝi havas proksime 177.739 loĝantojn. [13] As a result, much of the town centre was rebuilt in a boring concrete style. Sunderland is een city in het bestuurlijke gebied City of Sunderland, in het Engelse graafschap Tyne and Wear.De stad telt 177.739 inwoners, en is gelegen aan de noordoostelijke kust van Engeland. The city is unparished, except for Hetton-le-Hole which is a civil parish, and which has a town council. Only 114 people of Jewish faith live in Sunderland. As with most UK east-coast towns, Sunderland sometimes gets sea fog known locally as Fret. Being on the coast, Sunderland is a little warmer in the winter than the national average, but a little cooler in summer. Sunderland Association Football Club is een Engelse voetbalclub, opgericht in 1879.De club speelt zijn thuiswedstrijden in het Stadium of Light in Sunderland.Dit stadion is sinds 1997 in gebruik. By 1100, the Bishopwearmouth parish included a small fishing village at the mouth of the river (modern day East End) known as 'Soender-land', or Asunder-land which became Sunderland. Juni 1995 in Salem, Oregon) ist eine US-amerikanische Pornodarstellerin. Esperanto: Sunderland estas havenurbo en la Urbo de Sunderland metropolo, en la kantono Tyne and Wear en North East England. The Birmingham Royal Ballet have a season at the Sunderland Empire every year, and it is thought of as the company's north-east home. With 750,000 passengers per year it is the busiest bus and coach station in Britain after Victoria Station in Central London,[21] and has won several design awards. Sunderland is the largest city, by population and area, between Leeds and Edinburgh.[15]. Een inwoner van Sunderland wordt ook wel een Mackem genoemd. The civil registration article tells more about these records. It sits at the mouth of the River Wear. 16 km-re délkeletre fekszik.Lakossága 174 ezer fő volt 2011-ben. The National Glass Centre on Liberty Way also exhibits a number of glass sculptures. The City of Sunderland is a local government district of Tyne and Wear, in North East England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. Each year on the last weekend in July, the city hosts the Sunderland International Airshow. McFly played there in April 2007. Sunderland is one of the most deprived cities in the North of England. This law still remains in full force to this day. The Northern Gallery for Contemporary Art on Fawcett Street and Sunderland Museum and Winter Gardens have exhibitions and installations from new and established artists alike. Thur:6:00pm-9:00pm. The Manor Quay, the students' union on the campus of the University of Sunderland has also hosted the Arctic Monkeys, Maxïmo Park, 911, the Levellers and Girls Aloud in the past three years. ; Hylton Riverside Retail Park, a large shopping outlet centre at. The city extends to the seafront at Hendon and Ryhope (on the south) and Seaburn (on the north). After the elections of May 2003 the political structure was 63 Labour, 9 Conservative, and 1 independent. They printed notices which said there was no disease in the town, and saying that the doctors who said that there was disease did not know what they were talking about. Use as many or as few bullet points as needed.) The election in 2010, held at the same time as the general election saw Labour gain four seats to increase their majority. Now it can stage West End shows such as Miss Saigon, Starlight Express and My Fair Lady. Sunderland a un climat océanique tempéré (Köppen : «Cfb»). It also hosts a large ice rink in Mowbray Park, which is part of the wider, regional North East Winter Festival. Pronunciation . EPA/FELIPE TRUEBA EDITORIAL USE ONLY But in December of that year, cholera was in Gateshead and it spread across the country, killing about 32,000 people. [15] His experiences are described in his book, No stranger to the P45.[16]. It was in Sunderland for 120 years, until 31 March 2007[34]. Much of the city is on a low range of hills running parallel to the coast. The Port of Sunderland was expanded in the 1850s when the Hudsons Dock were built for the River Wear Commissioners. In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, the county borough was abolished and its area combined with that of other districts to form the Metropolitan Borough of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear. It reopened in December 2004, following a big redevelopment, making the stage bigger. Sunderland was the one of the most heavily bombed areas in England during World War II. Sunderland är en stad med omkring 283 500 invånare [1] och ligger i nordöstra England, Storbritannien, vid floden Wears utlopp i Nordsjön.. Staden ligger strax sydost om Newcastle och mellan de bägge städerna har det sedan länge funnits en ömsesidig rivalitet. The centre receives over 26 million shopping visits every year. [2] This settlement was granted a charter in 1179 by Hugh Pudsey, then the Bishop of Durham. Sunderland. Around this time, Sunderland was also known as 'Sunderland-near-the-Sea'.[3]. In 2004, music magazine NME put Sunderland came 8th in a list of the "coolest" music places in the UK.[21]. "SINE Project: Structure details for Queen Alexandra Bridge", "2001 Census - Fact Cards for wards in the City of Sunderland", "Radio 1's Big Weekend: Penshaw Monument, Herrington Park, Sunderland", "Local boys shine at Sunderland's Big Weekend", "History of Shipbuilding in the North East", "SINE Project: Structure details for South Dock: Hudson Dock", "End of an era as glass firm sets closure date", https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sunderland&oldid=7009688, Pages using infobox UK place with unknown parameters, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, Sunderland, at the mouth of the river was a small fishing village. On the 7 and 8 May 2005, Sunderland hosted the BBC Radio 1 Big Weekend concert - the UK's largest free music festival. [22], Sunderland's first film company was established in 2008; and is known as "Tanner Films Ltd" and is based in the Sunniside area of the city. Between 1939 and 1945 the Wear yards launched 245 merchant ships totalling 1.5 million tons, a quarter of the merchant tonnage produced in the UK at this period. U tom naselju je rođen i školovao se Beda Uvaženi (672 / [[673-735), poznati anglosaksonski kroničar.

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